Must an appointed municipal officer be a resident of the municipality he or she serves?
The answer is no, unless the municipality has adopted a requirement
that appointed officers be residents of the municipality or unless the
appointive office is one in which a statute requires the official to be a
resident of the municipality: e.g., Wis. Stat. sec. 30.37(3) (board of
harbor commissioners), sec. 27.11(1)(a) (board of public land
commissioners), and sec. 43.54(1)(a) (library boards). In general,
however, state law does not contain a residency requirement for persons
who serve in appointive municipal offices. Thus, a non-resident may be
appointed to municipal office unless the city or village has adopted its
own residency requirement for appointive officers or unless the
appointment is to a board or commission which state law specifies must
be filled by municipal residents.
In contrast to appointive municipal officials, all elected municipal
officers must be residents of the municipality and alderpersons must be
residents of the district from which they are elected. See Wis. Stat.
secs. 61.19, 62.09(2)(a) and 17.03(4)(c).
A person appointed to fill a vacancy in an elective office must meet
the residency qualification applicable to elective municipal officers.
Wis Stat. sec. 17.28.